- Essential Fatty Acids
- Very Pure Grade Fish Oil
- Extensive Molecular Distillation to purifiy
- Highest Potency DHA per cap
- Omega-3 with longest retention time in body
- Mood lifter
- Very low EPA formula
In human evolution, DHA has been regarded as an important
nutritional component in human diet. In fact, DHA has been one
of the most important limiting nutrient responsible for the "Rapid
Brain Expansion" occurred in human evolution. The biosynthesis
of DHA is relatively slow and unable to keep up with growth of the
body. With the brain competing with the other part of the body for
the limited DHA from the diet, brain often do not develop to its
maximum capacity or fail to function at its maximum potential.
When an abundant supply of animal food was introduced to give
a rich supply of DHA, human evolution made the "gold mine" in
brain evolution. Consuming a DHA-rich diet, within a short span
in the evolutionary perspective, human brain take a big leap in
size and progressively more developed. Together with a boost in
cognitive functioning, human race become closer in ruling the
In the recent years, DHA has become gradually depleted from the
modern diet, there is a significant increase in the rate of chronic
disorders which many are associated with low level of DHA in the
human body. Modern food supply like farm raised fishes,
domesticated meats are extremely low in Omega 3 content. DHA
are commonly added to baby powder due to extensive research
of the important role of DHA in brain development. Recently some
research demonstrate that DHA may help adult students' ability to
cope with mental stress. Research also indicate that DHA
increase the synthesis of a substance called Phosphatidylserine,
a substance that is involved in relaying chemical messages
throughout the brain, helping the brain cells to store and retrieve
Why Pharmaceutical Fish Oil?
Most food grade fish oil caps only undergo minimum molecular
distillation to remove mostly saturated fat and heavy metals but
not enough to remove harmful fat soluble pollutants like PCB
present in the fish oil. Pharmaceutical grade fish oil are obtained
by a series of advanced distillation processes concentrates and
extracts beneficial fatty acids, while guaranteeing the absence of
heave metals and PCB's and standardised by the latest
technology. They are manufactured in a certified GMP facility
approved for pharmaceutical products according to
pharmaceutical standards that include quality control steps to
insure the end product is free from lipid peroxides, heavy metals,
environmental contaminants, and other harmful compounds. It
must provide at least a 60% concentration of the most active
long-chain omega-3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA). The ratio of
omega-3 fatty acids to arachidonic acid must be greater than
50:1. It must contain the optimal amount of natural vitamin E as a
preservative. Cod liver oil are a poor source of Omega 3 simply
because you cannot get a reasonable amount of Omega 3 from
them without getting a toxic level of vitamin A and D.
Why DHA and not other Omega-3?
Omega 3 refers to a family of fatty acids that has a double bond at
the Omega 3 position, the more common types of Omega 3 fatty
acids you may read about are Alpha-linolenic acid (aka ALA,
found in flaxseed oil), EPA and DHA which are found in fish oil.
ALA are the shortest among the 3 fore-mentioned omega 3
types. Theoretically, ALA can be elongated (lengthen) to form
EPA, though this reaction is rather limited in the human body
(some research indicated 6%). With competition from omega 6 in
the diet, the rate is reduced by another 50% to approximately 3%.
EPA can be furthered lengthen to become DHA, but the rate is
either extremely low or absent.
EPA give rise to eicosanoids series 3. In natural killer cells
experiment, series 3 leukotriene have been shown to have a
lower activity, in other words it lowers immunity compare to series
1 and 2. Series 3 also thins the blood to potentally dangerous
level when food grade fish oil are taken in dosage to supply
sufficient DHA. Eskimos are known to be venerable to a type of
stroke due to excessive bleeding in the brain due to excessive
1. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 1998;68(3):159-73. Can adults adequately convert
alpha-linolenic acids (18:3n-3) to eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3) and
docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3)?. Gerster H.
2. Lipids. 1999;34:S39-47. Evidence for the unique function of
Docosahexaenoic acid during the evolution of the modern hominid brain.
M. A. Crawford et. al.
3. World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics, Vol. 83 1998. The return of W3
Fatty Acids into the Food Supply. Editor A. P. Simopoulos.
4. Lipids. 1999;34:S33-7. Administration of docosahexaenoic acid
influences behavior and plasma catecholamine levels at times of
psychological stress. Hamazaki T. et. al.
5. Biofactors. 2000;13(1-4):41-5. Anti-stress effects of DHA. Hamazaki T. et
6. Lipids. 1998; July;33(7):663-7. Docosahexaenoic acid does not affect
aggression of normal volunteers under nonstressful conditions. A
randomized placebo-controlled, double-blind study. Hamazaki T. et. al.
7. J Clin Invest. 1996 Feb 15;97(4):1129-33. The effect of
docosahexaenoic acids on aggression in young adults. A
placebo-controlled double-blind study. Hamazaki T. et. al.
8. Br J Nutr. 2002 Oct; 88(4):355-63. Eicosapentaenoic and
docosahexaenoic acids are the principal products of alpha-linolenic acid
metabolism in young men*. Burdge GC, Jones AE, Wootton SA.
9. Lipids. 2001 Sep;36(9):945-59. Mechanisms of action of
docosahexaenoic acid in the nervous system. Salem N Jr, Litman B, Kim
HY, Gawrisch K.
10. World Rev Nutr Diet. 2003;92:1-22. Importance of the ratio of
omega-6/omega-3 essential fatty acids: evolutionary aspects. Simopoulos
11. World Rev Nutr Diet. 2005;95:93-102. Balance of omega-6/omega-3
essential fatty acids is important for health. The evidence from gene
transfer studies. Kang JX.
12. Nutrition. 2004 Feb;20(2):243. Dietary long-chain omega-3 fatty acids
and anti-inflammatory action: potential application in the field of physical
exercise.Machado Andrade Pde M, Tavares do Carmo MG.
13. Hites RA, Foran JA, Carpenter DO, et al. Global assessment of organic
contaminants in farmed salmon. Science 2004;303:226-9.
14. Easton MD, Luszniak D, Von der GE. Preliminary examination of
contaminant loadings in farmed salmon, wild salmon and commercial
salmon feed. Chemosphere 2002;46(7):1053-74.
15. Jacobs MN, Covaci A, Gheorghe A, Schepens P. Time trend
investigation of PCBs, PBDEs, and organochlorine pesticides in selected
n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid rich dietary fish oil and vegetable oil
supplements; nutritional relevance for human essential n-3 fatty acid
requirements. J Agric Food Chem 2004;52(6):1780-8.
16. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2004;13(Suppl):S17. Paleolithic nutrition: what
can we learn from the past? Mann NJ.
17. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005 Feb;81(2):341-54. Origins and evolution of the
Western diet: health implications for the 21st century. Cordain L. et al.
18. World Rev Nutr Diet. 1998;83:12-23. Dietary intake of long-chain
polyunsaturated fatty acids during the paleolithic.Eaton SB et al.
19. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1997 Apr;51(4):207-16. Paleolithic nutrition revisited: a
twelve-year retrospective on its nature and implications. Eaton SB, Eaton
SB 3rd, Konner MJ.
20. N Engl J Med. 1985 Jan 31;312(5):283-9. Paleolithic nutrition. A
consideration of its nature and current implications.Eaton SB, Konner M.
Max DHA 180's
250mg DHA per Cap (Molecular Distilled)
Introductory Price: $42 each or
4 bottles for $150
Click on pic below
Max DHA Liquid
Click on pic below
|For eyes. Works well
Click on pic below